What is Meaning Ausbildung?
Ausbildung is a unique dual education system that has played a vital role in the German economy's success. Combining classroom learning with on-the-job training, Ausbildung programs provide German youth with highly specialized skills matching labor market needs while facilitating the transition from school to work. With roots tracing back to the medieval apprenticeship model, the current Ausbildung system formalized in the Vocational Training Act of 1969 is credited with supplying German industry with a loyal and skilled workforce, contributing to low youth unemployment rates, and supporting the country's manufacturing strengths.
Benefits of Doing Ausbildung Program in Germany
Here are some of the key benefits of doing an Ausbildung program in Germany:
Salary Potential: Salaries for skilled professionals in Germany can range from €2,000-3,000 per month (3000 Euros in indian currency is 2,67,036.00) depending on factors like industry, location, qualifications, and experience. Higher salaries are possible in fields like engineering, IT, and healthcare.
Employment Security: Having a confirmed job offer before arriving provides a sense of stability. However, be sure to vet the contract details like position, duration, and terms and conditions thoroughly.
Dual Education Opportunities: Germany's acclaimed dual education programs allow you to gain internationally recognized qualifications and valuable work experience simultaneously through a mix of classroom and on-the-job training.
Financial Support System: While financial deposit requirements for visas can vary, Germany generally has supportive systems like blocked accounts to cover living costs during your initial period of residence and studies/job search.
Higher education options - After Ausbildung, graduates can opt for advanced vocational degrees like Meister or Techniker (Techniker is a German word that translates to "technician" or "engineer" in English.)for higher level skills.
Supplementary Income Options: Opportunities to supplement your income with part-time or overtime work do exist, provided your visa and employer permit it. Adhering to all labor regulations is essential.
Smooth transition to work - The system allows apprentices to transition smoothly into skilled employment with the same company or elsewhere.
Long-Term Prospects: For those who integrate well, Germany offers excellent prospects for permanent residency and citizenship over time by meeting residency, language, and other requirements. However, this is a long-term goal requiring diligent effort.
Gain qualifications - Completing Ausbildung leads to recognized qualifications and certifications per German standards.
The Importance of Ausbildung in Germany
Over 50% of German high school students enroll in Ausbildung programs after finishing their mandatory schooling. This extensive vocational education and training pathway combines part-time vocational school with on-the-job training in a company, known as the "dual principle." Trainees sign training contracts with companies, working 3-4 days per week while attending state-funded vocational schools 1-2 days weekly to gain theoretical knowledge.
Germany's attachment to vocational training pathways traces back to the medieval guild system when skilled artisans would train apprentices in specific trades. However, the modern dual training principle was formally codified into law with the 1969 Vocational Training Act, which defined standards and qualifications for Ausbildung careers. Revisions in 2005 aimed to improve permeability between vocational and academic tracks and expand continuing education options.
With over 330 nationally recognized Ausbildung occupations and coordinating with industrial and trade associations, the programs effectively match labor market supply and demand. The German government also provides supportive funding and oversight through the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, which regularly consults companies and industries regarding skill needs.
Benefits to Individual Trainees
For young Germans, Ausbildung offers a structured pathway to skilled employment. It provides both transferrable workplace competencies as well as specialized occupational qualifications. With hands-on training representing between 60-80% of the curriculum, trainees gain technical abilities, workplace responsibility, and experience valued by employers.
The system facilitates school-to-work transition, with over 85% of Ausbildung graduates landing jobs upon completion and 64% retained within the same company that provided the training contract. Given scarce entry-level jobs in today's market, the employment prospects combined with paid on-the-job training make Ausbildung attractive to many secondary graduates. About 20% of trainees pursue additional qualifications to access higher-status positions during their programs.
Benefits to German Companies
From major corporations like Volkswagen and Siemens to small handicraft shops, German companies across industries participate in Ausbildung. They provide trainees 80% of instructional costs and pay monthly salaries averaging around 950 euros. Despite the substantial investment estimated at over 25,000 euros per trainee, most consider it worthwhile for several reasons:
Custom-Training the Workforce
The dual system allows firms to mold future employees to fit specialized needs. Companies strongly influence training content, facilitating innovation and global competitiveness, particularly within leading German manufacturing industries.
Building Loyalty & Retention
Not only do firms retain most trainees, but they also report increased loyalty and tenure among those they helped qualify. With general training costs reduced, companies are also more willing to provide continuing vocational education.
Strengthening Competitiveness & Performance
A reliable pipeline of skilled labor also generally strengthens German industries in global markets, particularly in critical export-oriented manufacturing sectors. Germany's trademark of quality relies heavily on vocational specialization, contributing an estimated 0.7% boost in annual GDP growth.
The state also shares the investment burden, particularly for small-to-medium firms who could not otherwise afford training. Regional programs provide additional wage subsidies for companies taking on target groups facing disadvantage. Various Chambers of Commerce also facilitate regional-level coordination.
Criticisms and Challenges Facing Ausbildung
While German politicians across party lines praise the country's Ausbildung system as a competitive asset, it does face demographic and structural challenges. An aging population coupled with declining secondary school enrollment is reducing the pool of potential trainees. Companies are also noticing motivational issues among apprentices as more now enter holding a university entrance certificate. Additional critiques leveled at the Ausbildung system highlight:
- Class Reproduction – Some sociologists argue it channels social disadvantage by institutionalizing children into the same class and career trajectories as their parents with limited upward mobility options. However, over 60% of trainees today enter holding a certificate qualifying them for university studies.
- Underrepresentation of Immigrants – Non-EU youth face barriers, particularly to contract placements, due to discriminatory hiring practices among training firms. They are consequently underrepresented despite governmental incentives aimed at companies.
- Limited Flexibility – Early specialization and narrow qualifications can also limit occupational flexibility later. While opportunities exist to upgrade skills or retrain, critics believe more continuing education is necessary in a rapidly changing economy.
- Weak Theoretical Content – Relative to other countries, critics argue the classroom instruction component remains academically weak, relying predominantly on instructors without teaching backgrounds. However, this also makes vocational tracks more accessible to struggling or disengaged students.
How does AUSBILDUNG work in Germany?
Almost all skilled blue collar profession require vocational training certification to be employed by any German companies. Students in this vocational program are the employees of a company. Students spend 50% of their time in the company to learn. The other 50% is spent in vocational school. The employer pay all schooling fees, and also pay stipend for living expenses.
Therefore, it is free-of-cost learning and living in Germany. The candidates must be first employed to join the vocational school.
What can I do after AUSBILDUNG?
Post apprenticeship (‘Ausbildung’), skilled workers can legally and indefinitely work in many German companies. It is possible to obtain further qualification in Bachelors or Master professional, or Master Craftsmen, or study at the university sponsored by the companies. Also, you can choose to be self-employed in Germany, or return back to your country with the German qualification to work on German level of business.
What is the duration of AUSBILDUNG program?
Ausbildung (apprenticeship) lasts between 2 and 4 years depending on the profession. There are shorter and longer duration programs. Lessons will be held in German language only – therefore you need German language skills on level B1 of the GER. During the training in Germany, you will be employed by a German company with a German contract providing the same rights and obligations as for German nationals.
How much do I earn in an apprenticeship in Germany?
The amount of your monthly allowances depends on employers and candidates curriculum vitae. The employer will specify the exact amount after the interview. However, the approximate amount paid by the employers during the first year of apprenticeship is 600 Euros per month, and up to 1200 Euros during next years.
Are families allowed to join the candidate of the AUSBILDUNG program?
Yes, if you can get visa for your family to live in Germany while pursuing the program.
What is the age limit for the AUSBILDUNG program?
You must be over 18 years of age at the time of admission. There is no age limit except for nursing care. However, it is important to note that the candidates will be learning with German students who are in the age bracket of 18 and 25 years.
How do I start a AUSBILDUNG in Germany?
Applicants for an apprenticeship program can apply directly in German companies. Also, you can use our paid services for documentation, translation,
visa processing, air tickets, assistance in recognition of certificates, transport and finding accommodation in Germany, and most importantly German language coaching.
What after Ausbildung
Start Working - Ausbildung graduates are well-qualified to directly enter the job market in their trained occupation, with many getting hired by their apprenticeship companies. Their practical abilities are valued by employers.
Pursue Advanced Vocational Training - Graduates can build on their skills by pursuing 1-2 year advanced vocational qualifications like Meister or Techniker to reach higher positions.
Pursue Higher Academic Degrees - Those with requisite school certificates can pursue bachelor's or master's degrees at universities, some of which offer credit transfers. This leads to managerial roles.
Self-Employment - After gaining work experience, graduates can start their own business or company in their skilled trade by getting business training.
What are the costs incurred for admission into the program?
Interested candidates are requested to call +91 8050575767 or visit www.new-lyf.com to know more.
How to learn German language, and how many months does it take to learn up to B1 or B2 Level?
It is advised candidates to join German language institute. Generally, it takes
between 8 and 10 months to learn up to B1, and between 12 and 14 months up to B2 level.
Popular Ausbildung Courses in Germany:
IT and Computer Science:Courses related to information technology, software development, and computer science are in high demand.
Engineering:Various engineering disciplines offer Ausbildung programs, providing hands-on training in this dynamic field.
Business and Management: Explore Ausbildung courses in business administration, management, and related fields for a strong foundation in the business world.
Hospitality and Tourism: Join Ausbildung programs in hospitality management or tourism to kickstart a career in these thriving industries.
Healthcare and Nursing: Pursue Ausbildung courses in healthcare and nursing for a rewarding career in the medical field.
Mechatronics: For those interested in a combination of mechanical engineering and electronics, mechatronics courses offer valuable skills.
Automotive Technology: Dive into Ausbildung programs focused on automotive technology to become skilled in the dynamic automotive industry.
Sales and Retail: Ausbildung courses in sales and retail provide practical knowledge and skills for those interested in the world of commerce.
How to choose a profession for AUSBILDUNG?
New Lyf Overseas expert counselors will take you through analysis, assessment
and guidance in choosing one of the many apprenticeships in Germany. However, you can choose one among the list mentioned in page 4 of this document. Germany Needs Foreign Workers in These Fields to Tackle Job Shortage of Sciences, engineering and health care, are the main fields where skilled workers are required in Germany, with staffing difficulties occurring in the different sectors also depending on the level of qualification.
According to a survey, skilled workers in construction and skilled trades, with a total of 349,275 jobs available and technical specialists (282,941 jobs), are in demand in the German labor market. And over 400,000 thousand vacancies in healthcare are vacant. Furthermore, sales and distribution specialists, with 232,347 jobs, were listed fourth in the list of top ten most sought-after occupational groups in July, while in the third spot are listed occupations for health, medicine and social services.
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